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Friday, November 20, 2020 | History

4 edition of New perspectives in adipose tissue found in the catalog.

New perspectives in adipose tissue

structure, function anddevelopment.

by

  • 321 Want to read
  • 29 Currently reading

Published by Butterworths in London .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Connective tissues.

  • Edition Notes

    ContributionsCryer, Anthony., Van, R. L. R.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQM563
    The Physical Object
    Pagination(480)p.
    Number of Pages480
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL21386524M
    ISBN 100408108576


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New perspectives in adipose tissue Download PDF EPUB FB2

This chapter highlights some new perspectives in adipose tissue anatomy. The relationship between adipose tissue cellularity and human obesity has been extensively reviewed, which shows that early-onset obesity is associated with increased cell numbers, whereas New perspectives in adipose tissue book cell hypertrophy is associated with adult-onset obesity.

New Perspectives in Adipose Tissue: Structure, Function and Development reviews the state of knowledge on adipose tissue. The book begins with discussions of the anatomy and morphology of adipose tissue.

This is followed by separate chapters on the nervous control of circulation and metabolism in white adipose tissue; hormonal regulation of Book Edition: 1. New Perspectives in Adipose Tissue: Structure, Function and Development [Cryer, A.] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

New Perspectives in Adipose Tissue: Structure, Cited by: New Perspectives in Adipose Tissue: Structure, Function and Development - Kindle edition by A. Cryer, R. Van. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading New Perspectives in Adipose Tissue: Structure, Function and Development.

Additional Physical Format: Online version: New perspectives in adipose tissue. London ; Boston: Butterworths, (OCoLC) Online version. New Perspectives in Adipose Tissue: Structure, Function and Development reviews the state of knowledge on adipose tissue.

The book begins with discussions of the anatomy and morphology of adipose : Elsevier Science. Get this from a library. New Perspectives in Adipose Tissue: Structure, Function and Development. [A Cryer; R L R Van] -- New Perspectives in Adipose Tissue. This chapter highlights some new perspectives in adipose tissue anatomy.

The relationship between adipose tissue cellularity and human obesity has been extensively reviewed, which shows that early-onset obesity is associated with increased cell numbers, whereas only cell hypertrophy is associated with adult-onset by: Joslin’s Diabetes Deskbook, Updated 2nd Ed., Excerpt # Adipose Tissue as an Endocrine Gland.

we are looking at fat in a whole new light. Until recently, adipose tissue was regarded as a passive depot for lipids that somehow contributed to the metabolic and cardiovascular burden, but in and of itself was an inert bulk.

we indulge in. Etiology of cachexia syndrome and adipose tissue remodeling. Cachexia is a common occurrence in the advanced stages of cancer and contributes to reduce the quality of life and life expectancy of patients [1, 2].Cancer-related cachexia (CC) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality, affecting more than 80% of individuals with advanced cancer and accounting for more than 20% of Cited by: 1.

This book is designed to provide a comprehensive insight into current perspectives and challenges in adipose tissue biology. In Adipose Tissue Biology, scientists and clinicians discuss adipocyte. This book is designed to provide a comprehensive insight into current perspectives and challenges in adipose tissue biology.

In Adipose Tissue Biology, scientists and clinicians discuss adipocyte precursors, differentiation and growth, brown and white adipose tissue, gender, inflammation, dietary and genetic determinants of fat mass, together with evolutionary and developmental aspects.

Adipose tissue of an individual, generally regarded as connective tissues without a specific anatomy, consists of many adipose depots that are organized to form a large organ with discrete anatomy. Human adipose-derived stem cells (hASCs) currently represent a viable source of mesenchymal-like stem cells, with similar properties and differentiation New perspectives in adipose tissue book to bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) but with a different and more accessible source—the adipose tissue.

hASCs are able to produce almost all of the factors that contribute to normal wound healing, and therefore Author: Sorina Dinescu, Anca Hermenean, Marieta Costache. So with the clear need to further understand the causes of excess adipose tissue growth, this book is designed to provide a comprehensive insight into current perspectives and challenges in adipose tissue biology.

In Adipose Tissue Biology, scientists and clinicians discuss adipocyte precursors, differentiation and growth, brown and. To understand the recent global trend toward obesity in humans, we need an evolutionary perspective on the costs and benefits of adipose depots (cf.

[10, 68, 84]), which can be gained by looking at other mammals and, in particular, by: 1. First seen as a fat-storage tissue, the adipose tissue is considered as a critical player in the endocrine system.

Precisely, adipose tissue can produce an array of bioactive factors, including cytokines, lipids, and extracellular vesicles, which target various systemic organ systems to regulate metabolism, homeostasis, and immune response. The global effects of adipokines on metabolic events Cited by: 1.

Stem cells have been the focus of intense research opening up new possibilities for the treatment of various diseases. Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are multipotent cells with relevant immunomodulatory properties and are thus considered as a promising new strategy for immune disease management.

To enhance their efficiency, several issues related to both MSC biology and functions Cited by: Trayhurn P: Endocrine and signaling role of adipose tissue: new perspectives on fat, Acta Physiol ScandTrayhurn P: The biology of obesity, Proc Nutr SocTrujillo ME, Scherer PE: Adipose tissue-derived factors: Impact on health and.

So with the clear need to further understand the causes of excess adipose tissue growth, this book is designed to provide a comprehensive insight into current perspectives and challenges in adipose tissue biology.

In Adipose Tissue Biology, scientists and clinicians discuss adipocyte precursors, differentiation and growth, brown and Format: Hardcover. The contribution of adipose tissue an autocrine and endocrine organ in the pathogenesis of infectious disease and metabolic syndrome is gaining attention.

Adipose tissue and adipocytes are one of the major targets of T. cruzi infection. Parasites are detected days postinfection in adipose tissue. Infection of adipose tissue and cultured adipocytes triggered local expression of inflammatory Cited by: 6. The field of adipose tissue biology has been expanding at a very rapid pace in the last few years.

Numerous advances have been made since publication of the first edition of this book, in terms of basic adipocyte biology, understanding of the determinants of obesity, distribution of body fat and weight loss, as well as the mechanisms linking excess adiposity to various : $ Title: Perspectives on Adipose-Derived Stem/Stromal Cells as Potential Treatment for Scarred Vocal Folds: Opportunity and Challenges VOLUME: 5 ISSUE: 2 Author(s):Yoshihiko Kumai, James B.

Kobler, Victoria L.M. Herrera and Steven M. Zeitels Affiliation:Department of Surgery - Harvard Medical School, Center for Laryngeal Surgery and Voice Rehabilitation - Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston.

Marrow Adipose Tissue (MAT) and Bone Health. MAT increases in states of bone fragility. MAT is thought to result from preferential MSC differentiation into an adipocyte, rather than osteoblast lineage in osteoporosis based on the inverse relationship between bone and MAT in bone-fragile osteoporotic states.

An increase in MAT is noted in osteoporosis clinical studies measured by MR Spectroscopy. MicroRNAs with impact on adipose tissue inflammation in obesity. MicroRNAs and other non-coding RNAs in inflammation (current series Progress in Inflammation Research).

Editor: Greene CM. Springer Int Publish Switzerland | Book ID Karbiener M, Scheideler M. Microarray analysis of small non-coding RNAs.

The aim of Adipose Tissue and Adipokines in Health and Disease is to provide comprehensive information regarding adipose tissue, its physiological functions and its role in disease. This volume contains a collection of information spanning the entire range of adipose tissue studies, from basic.

Molecular Biology of the Cell Vol. 13, No. 12 Articles Free Access Human Adipose Tissue Is a Source of Multipotent Stem Cells This is the final version - click for previous version. Animal studies have demonstrated that brown adipose tissue (BAT) has an important role in regulating energy and glucose homeostasis and is associated with peripheral insulin resistance and glucose levels.

79–81 However, white adipose tissue (WAT) and mainly visceral WAT (around the trunk, upper body or abdomen) appears to be the major source Author: Sotirios Tsalamandris, Alexios S Antonopoulos, Evangelos Oikonomou, George-Aggelos Papamikroulis, Ge. 13 Adipose tissue regeneration: Scaffold—Biomaterial strategies and translational perspectives Description Biomaterials in Translational Medicine delivers timely and detailed information on the latest advances in biomaterials and their role and impact in translational medicine.

The mechanistic basis underlying the association between BMI and AD may be linked to the endocrine function of adipose tissue, mediated by adipose tissue hormones and adipokines. Accumulating evidence suggests that adipose tissue may play multiple roles in the aging brain, including disease processes leading to dementia-related pathologies [ 20 ].Cited by:   The major form of energy storage is triglyceride contained in adipose tissue.

The storage of energy is a physiologic process involved in survival. Ferré P New perspectives in the Cited by: 1. Author(s): Cryer,Anthony; Van,R L R(Robin L.

R.) Title(s): New perspectives in adipose tissue: structure, function, and development/ edited by A. Cryer and R.L.R. Female Fertility and the Body-Fat Connection is the record of one scientist's groundbreaking and decades-long work on the connections among fertility, body fat, and reproductive health in women.

Rose E. Frisch explains here how, in women, a certain amount of body fat is crucial to the reproductive system and sexual maturation. Title:Editorial (Thematic Issue: New Perspectives and Therapies in Regenerative Medicine) VOLUME: 4 ISSUE: 1 Author(s):Letizia Trovato and Antonio Graziano Affiliation:Department of Medical Sciences University of Turin Italy., Department of Experimental Medicine Section of Anatomy University of Pavia Pavia - Italy SHRO - Temple University Philadelphia (PA) : Letizia Trovato and Antonio Graziano.

Human adipose tissue-derived stem cells in breast reconstruction following surgery for cancer: A controversial issue Stem Cell Discovery, Vol. 03, No. 03 Obesity-Associated Dysregulation of Calpastatin and MMP in Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells Results in their Enhanced InvasionCited by: What is Adipose Tissue.

Definition of Adipose Tissue: Loose connective tissue composed of fat cells or adipocytes. Its main role is to store energy in the form of fat, although it. Adipose tissue is principally deposited in two compartments - subcutaneously and centrally (Figure (Figure1). 1).It is thought that centrally deposited, or visceral, fat is more metabolically active than peripheral subcutaneous fat [].Visceral adipose tissue is largely comprised of omental adipose tissue but also includes other intra-abdominal fat sources such as mesenteric by:   Non-shivering thermogenesis occurs in brown adipose tissue, a unique heat producing organ only found in mammals.

In brown adipose tissue mitochondria, the proton motive force across the inner membrane is dissipated as heat rather than converted to ATP. This tightly regulated process is catalyzed by the uncoupling protein by: Inresearchers at UCLA published a manuscript in Molecular Biology of the Cell describing a novel adult stem cell population isolated from adipose tissue—the adipose-derived stem cell (ASC).

Since that time, the ASC has gone on to be one of the most popular adult stem cell populations currently being used in the stem cell field.

Adipose tissues can be further categorized by anatomical location as visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT). While rodents maintain both BAT and WAT in distinct depots through adult life, BAT in humans is found mainly in the neck and thorax in neonates and is mostly replaced by WAT by adulthood [ 6 ].Cited by:.

This timely and most comprehensive reference available on the topic covers all the different aspects vital in the fight against the global obesity epidemic. Following a look at adipose tissue development and morphology, the authors go on to examine its metabolic and endocrine functions and its role in disease.

The final section deals with comparative and evolutionary aspects of the tissue. The.Brown adipose tissue is thermogenic, generating heat through the expression of a unique uncoupling protein that short circuits the mitochondrial pH gradient.

Whereas brown adipose tissue is found around the major organs (heart, kidney, aorta, gonads) in the newborn infant, it disappears as humans by:   Fat grafting is a common procedure in plastic surgery, but with a major limitation in its unpredictable graft retention.

Adipose tissue (AT) product quality is affected by the methods used for harvest, processing, and transfer, which vary widely amongst surgeons and has been reviewed extensively elsewhere.

3 The lack of standardized protocol may in part contribute to outcome Author: Thomas M Suszynski, David A Sieber, Kathryn Mueller, Allen L Van Beek, Bruce L Cunningham, Jeffrey M.